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Typha latifolia (cattails)

Fast spreading Cattails can grow between 5 to 10 feet high. Though they have significant ecological importance, many pond owners complain and try to manage this emergent species. Cattail helps promote healthy waters by filtering runoff, decreasing nutrient levels and preventing erosion along the shorelines. Many wildlife species find Cattail colonies an idea nesting habitat, coverage and food source. Their ability to rapidly spread is due to their seeds blowing in the wind as well as underground rhizomes. They can quickly become dominant covering much open water along the shoreline. The most distinguishing characteristic is the fuzzy brown cigar shaped “cattail” flower located at the stalk end. Green leaves are relatively flat, somewhat curled over and approximately 1” wide.

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